THE DIVISION OF WORK (4)

THE INTERNAL DIFFERENCES

 

The Leaders

If we see the great monuments of the old cultures, say asian, european, american, and so on, it is surprising seeing religious motives in predominant presence, also in literature and pictorial art. If we study the social organization of these cultures, we will notice that the religious hierarchy played an important role, together with the military class and noble families. In some many cases there are a combination of these three kind of social leadership.

If we go back again to the primitive tribe which had an equalitarian social organization, we could suppose that inside the Division of Work initially formed there are showed up situations which give important role to a specialized hunting group, so they become in support to its confrontations with other tribes; it is born an army which is key for the tribe surviving, it will guarantee successful fight against beasts and enemy tribes and it could assure a territory expansion. The army members, specially their leaders, they will acquire a privileged situation inside the group Division of Work scheme; maybe they wont´t take part of the daily production activities, but they will have a place in the goods distribution in a special way due their importance. So the military class could be born from the necessity to fight against other tribes in order to survive.

However the tribe’s surviving fight is not limited to its capacity of acquiring nature resources and fighting against other tribes, but they have to confront to natural phenomenons which in several cases will have great impact in their life, so it will acquire a vital importance.                Droughts, earthquakes, storms, floods, frosts, epidemics, and so on will cause many deaths that the tribe will look at the need to control them somehow, or at least be prepared for when they occur. In these situations arise some observers of nature that acquire, initially empirically some knowledge to explain natural phenomena. These knowledges will be mixed with fantasies those will become mythes and religions. So they will make sacrifices to appease the wrath of the gods, which is no more than a respect for unknown things. The tribe priests will be respected as the army, maybe more because the religion will be present in the daily fight against the nature, its action field will be enhanced until to involve unknown mysteries as death, the destiny and cosmos. By this way it will arise a religious class which will have also a privileged situation inside the Division of Work.

faraon-egipcio

The familiar clans, the nobility inside the tribe arise from the military and religious leadership mix. In the tribe history will arise personalities who will play a good guideline role, that will lead the tribe to success in his fight for survival

The familiar clans, the nobility inside the tribe arise from the military and religious leadership mix. In the tribe history will arise personalities who will play a good guideline role, that will lead the tribe to success in his fight for survival, whether merely in the organizational field, militarily or religious conduct effective in the fight against the adversities of nature. So they will acquire , initially for tacit acceptance of the tribe members, a privileged situation inside the Division of Work and goods distributions; the leader will try to extend this situation to his descendants, something that will be no bad viewed for the tribe, because the need to have good leaders is than important that it will be valid a hereditary character for the leadership.

By this way the internal equalitarian model of the tribe will be distorted by the military and religious class, but they arise from the survival need.

The Division of Work

As we said before, the Division of Work is an important human society characteristic across the history, it allows the existence of each time greater civilizations. We can assure that without Division of Work won’t be possible a group human development, neither its survival at an environment in which it must confront challengers for an adequate nature resource use. The Division of Work creates specialized individual groups which according to historic situations and economic laws go to a differentiation between them, so they will become a different position inside the society and a unequal treatment in the distribution  of goods those are fruits of the Division of Work productive activity.

If we are, for instance in the Old World, a culture as greeks or Phoenicians. In such society a doctor becomes all a personality , the fact that to reach to have the cure hability needs qualities and dedication which no every people can have, doctors will become shortage so they will be respected and will have an more comfortable state than a farmer for instance because there will be plenty of this last kind of man in the society. Similarly, a merchant will also be a special and privileged personality, his ability in trade and courage to take big trips will allow an important position within the social group to which it belongs.

medico-romano

Doctor becomes all a personality, the fact that to reach to have the cure hability needs qualities and dedication which no every people can have

This social groups division, according to situations which are mixing with some factors as the classes that we mentioned before, or with ethnic dominance factors, will create social classes which will have a differentiated and unequal situation in the goods distribution inside the Division of Work.

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