THE DIVISION OF WORK (3)

CULTURE DIFFERENCES

The selfish gene

 

If we see the fierce and savage fight of animals for surviving, we can notice the evolution process meaning, it is the surviving of the species which have done a better adaptation to a changing environment. Man, biologically speaking, is no more than a specie as others in the nature, he must kill animals to survive, for instance, to get food; however thanks to his miracolous intelligence he can be the nature’s owner so take to his disposition all life being over it.

supervivencia-animal

There are theories those establish selfish gene, it means that the evolution process has as one of its factor a predominance gene pressure

There are theories those establish  selfish gene, it means that the evolution process has as one of its factor a predominance gene pressure, each of them try to reproduce as much possible and to eliminate the others. Certainly we can observe in the nature that each living being, by instinct, fights not only to keep alive but to reproduce and assure the descendant existence. Same thing is with human being, due his social nature and his organization based in Division of Work, he made possible to form groups, initially tribes, whom with a common interest in order to survive have stablished joint rules of life. However, this interest for group living should not be expanded to all the human species, but only at the closed tribe group. The reason that explain why each human group associates without an integration to all the human species could be of an anthropoid antiquity, migrations, natural dispersion of the first human groups looking for life resources, genetic human mutations make more complex the human differences and produce several races. So when different tribes encounter there is a natural distrust because there are not a common history or daily life those could aid to a mutual identification, so each tribe prefers to keep its internal organization avoiding an integration. Those tribes, in a natural resources shortage situation, become enemies and fight between them with a result in that the looser moves out the place, or it is exterminated or enslaved. Certainly, in this last case, for instance, the social organization resulted would be a dominant group and a dominated group; the dominant group would have a privileged products distribution which are produced by both groups, it would allow it to survive with more security and to develop several activities in order to find better production technics and satisfaction of needs.

guerras-primitivas

When different tribes ancounter there is a natural distrust because the are not a common history or daily life those could aid to a mutual identification

The culture factor

 

The most strong surviving law is basic inside the tribal relations, they emerge slavery societies where the dominant group imposes its rules and keeps a privileged situation in order to guarantee its surviving; doesn’t matter the dominated group extinction as long as it doesn’t happen in the dominant group.

The human groups coexistence with territorial separation and culture and commercial exchange is only possible if there is not a severe natural resources shortage in some of these groups, or besides there are historic factors as fight against common enemies, common interest to confront some natural disaster, and so on which allow the coexistence. As nowdays, each society will try to resolve their internal problems and will accept a mutual respect with other societies.

Culture is a characteristic which will identify and personalize to a social group. Culture is a characteristic which will identify and personalize to a social group. Culture is a society’s long development result which is transmitting and evolve  generation by generation. The way how a social group has survived has generated several knowledges, lot of them were saved jealously, they will guarantee the society surviving; it is not easy to discard all the knowledge that became religious beliefs, uses and production technics. So, to the genetic factor, which made possible identification of a society in racial likeness based, it is added the cultural factor which over the physics appear likeness implies customs likeness, beliefs and knowledges which will be possible the society members cohesion.

Culture could be an integrator element, a dominant group could impose its culture and disappear to the dominated group´s culture, and if it overcame the racial factor influence, the dominated group could be integrated to the dominant group. History has a lot of these cases.

But there is not easy to disappear a society culture, this is so engrained to the survive instinct of the individual who hardly will accept to  change it, as long as he is part of a social group, he is part of its culture.

However culture follows its evolution, it becomes universal and imposes little by little general coexistence rules between great societies. Culture is an indispensable factor for the humanity survival.

Nowdays each society is divided in different “cultures”, several of them conducive irreconcilable differences; but we can´t expect it maintain forever, the human knowledge evolution and its surviving need will create joint elements, where the differences will be discarded and there will be accepted truths  which imposes itself. Culture can impose over our ancient genetic differences. Even, if there will be a great genetic engineering development, a man domain over genetic factors, it will become to a situation where the racial differences will be obsolete.

pioneros-americanos

United States of America conforms of a heritage of the European culture, and if is added favorable factors in natural resources, it will result of that development level. Finally the European culture has continued its develop in America

Culture is a key element for a society development, it is a result of a generation experience which is transmitted to the next and it goes accumulating generation by generation. We could think, by instance, that a certain country is more development that other according its more develop age or centuries; but we could ask, how United States of America is a high development country without an age of a Asiatic, European or African country?. The answer is that the this country society conforms of an heritage of the European culture, and if it is added favorable factors in natural resources, it will result of that development level. Finally the European culture has continued its develop in America.

 

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